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Archaeological Site and APE Mapping
Cartographic Representation
Geodatabase Development
Historic Data Assimilation
Impacts Analysis
Predictive Modeling
Three-Dimensional Analysis
Viewshed and Spatial Analysis
Archaeological Site and APE Mapping
Archaeological sites (and other types of cultural resources) as well as Areas of Potential Effect (APEs) can be documented through GIS at varying degrees of detail. From defining site boundaries, to point-plotting individual artifacts, survey-grade GPS technology is the key--especially when detailed, accurate documentation could mean the difference between land ownerships, project impacts, and other site or APE characteristics.

Generally, site documentation is done in two dimensions, in plan view. However, some projects with vertically-defined APEs, and some archaeological sites which have undergone data recovery, can be mapped in three dimensions (3D).
Because the locations of cultural resources are protected under federal and state laws, specific examples of site mapping are not provided here. Stratigraphic drawings can even be completed in GIS, as in the following example. (You may be able to click on the image to view a larger version.)

Example of a Stratigraphic Profile Completed in GIS



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